Body Language of Lies:
- Physical expression will be limited and stiff, with few arm and hand movements. Hand, arm and leg movement are toward their own body the liar takes up less space.
- A person who is lying to you will avoid making eye contact.
- Hands touching their face, throat & mouth. Touching or scratching the nose or behind their ear. Not likely to touch his chest/heart with an open hand.
Eyes Movements & Meanings
up and left=visually constructing. ask someone to imagine a pink elephant…
up and right=visually remembering. ask someone what color was the first house they lived in…left=auditory constructing. ask someone to try and create the highest the sound of the pitch possible in their head…right=auditory remembering. ask someone to remember what their grandmother’s voice sounds like…down and left=feeling. ask someone if they remember the smell of a campfire…down and right=internal dialog=talking to yourself in your head.
generally someone who looks up and left or left are lying. Someone who looks down and right might be lying because they are debating with themselves about how the should answer. Up and right or right are usually telling the truth as they are trying to remember the actual happenings. down and left is probably telling the truth and they are recalling to the best of their knowledge.
When asked a question a “normally organized” right-handed person looks(from your viewpoint, looking at them):
Up and to the Left
If you asked someone to “Imagine a purple buffalo”, this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they “Visually Constructed” a purple buffalo in their mind.
Up and to the Right Indicates : VisuallyRememberedImages(Vr)
If you asked someone to “What color was the first house you lived in?”, this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they “Visually Remembered” the color of their childhood home.
To the Left Indicates: AuditoryConstructed(Ac)
If you asked someone to “Try and create the highest the sound of the pitch possible in your head”, this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they “Auditorily Constructed” this this sound that they have never heard of.
To the Right Indicates:AuditoryRemembered(Ar)
If you asked someone to “Remember what their mother’s voice sounds like “, this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking about the question as they “Auditorily Remembered ” this sound.
Down and to the Left Indicates:Feeling / Kinesthetic(F)
If you asked someone to “Can you remember the smell of a campfire? “, this would be the direction their eyes moved in while thinking bout the question as they used recalled a smell, feeling, or taste.
Down and To the Right Indicates:Internal Dialog(Ai)
This is the direction of someone eyes as they “talk to themselves”.
The Gist of it…
How this information is used to detect lies:
Example: Let’s say your child asks you for a cookie, and you ask: “Well, what did your other say?” As they reply “Mom said… yes.”, they look to the left. This would indicate a made up answer as their eyes are showing a “constructed image or sound. Looking to the right would indicated a “remembered” voice or image, and thus would be telling the truth.
Signs of Lying Eyes # 1: Lack Of Eye Contact People who are telling lies, or not quite telling the whole story, will find it difficult to look you in the eye. Growing up, we have been taught that honesty is the best policy. Doing otherwise is totally against most people’s nature. The lack of eye contact is believed by many to be some sort of defense mechanism.
Signs of Lying Eyes # 2: Eyes Move Up and to the Left
When a person is telling a lie, they will most likely look up to their left. Why? Well, this is usually a sign that they’re creating a new image or scenario in their head. When a person is trying to remember something however, the eyes will most likely look up to their right. Just be careful that you don’t mix these up.
Signs of Lying Eyes # 3: Lots of Blinking
When a person is telling a lie, you will notice rapid eye movement and that there’s a lot of blinking going on. Many believe that this is the body’s way of saying that lying is not natural and that there must be something wrong going on.
While these signs of lying eyes are said to be quite accurate, you still have to be careful, especially when the person in question is a very good liar. There are others who are so good at lying, they can even control their own actions to prevent detection.
Emotional Gestures & Contradiction
- Timing and duration of emotional gestures and emotions are off a normal pace. The display of emotion is delayed, stays longer it would naturally, then stops suddenly.
- Timing is off between emotions gestures/expressions and words. Example: Someone says “I love it!” when receiving a gift, and then smile after making that statement, rather then at the same time the statement is made.
- Gestures/expressions don’t match the verbal statement, such as frowning when saying “I love you.”
- Expressions are limited to mouth movements when someone is faking emotions (like happy, surprised, sad, awe, )instead of the whole face. For example; when someone smiles naturally their whole face is involved: jaw/cheek movement, eyes and forehead push down, etc.
Interactions and Reactions
- A guilty person gets defensive. An innocent person will often go on the offensive.
- A liar is uncomfortable facing his questioner/accuser and may turn his head or body away.
- A liar might unconsciously place objects (book, coffee cup, etc.) between themselves and you.
Verbal Context and Content
- A liar will use your words to make answer a question. When asked, “Did you eat the last cookie?” The liar answers, “No, I did not eat the last cookie.”
- A statement with a contraction is more likely to be truthful: “ I didn’t do it” instead of “I did not do it”
- Liars sometimes avoid “lying” by not making direct statements. They imply answers instead of denying something directly.
- The guilty person may speak more than natural, adding unnecessary details to convince you… they are not comfortable with silence or pauses in the conversation.
- A liar may leave out pronouns and speak in a monotonous tone. When a truthful statement is made the pronoun is emphasized as much or more than the rest of the words in a statement.
- Words may be garbled and spoken softly, and syntax and grammar may be off. In other words, his sentences will likely be muddled rather than emphasized.
Other signs of a lie::
- If you believe someone is lying, then change subject of a conversation quickly, a liar follows along willingly and becomes more relaxed. The guilty wants the subject changed; an innocent person may be confused by the sudden change in topics and will want to back to the previous subject.
- Using humor or sarcasm to avoid a subject.